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Pobednički esej

 

Povodom Svetskog dana filozofije, Zrenjaninska gimnazija je organizovala takmičenje u pisanju eseja na engleskom jeziku u subotu, 27.10.2012. sa početkom u 11h.
Ovo takmičenje održava se pod pokroviteljstvom Uneskove Međunarodne asocijacije
Baltic Sea Net i Finske asocijacije profesora filozofije.

Eseji su se pisali dva sata, pod šifrom, a četiri teme su bile saopštene na samom takmičenju. Učenici su izabrali  jednu od ponuđenih tema koje dotiču različita filozofska područja.  Eseje je vrednovala međunarodna komisija profesora filozofije, na osnovu pet kriterijuma, za svaki po dva poena (doslednost, argumentovanost, koherentnost, filozofsko znanje, originalnost), a dva najbolja rada  biće proglašena   15.11.2012. promovisana i štampana u domaćim i međunarodnim medijima. Takmičenje je priprema za Nacionalne kvalifikacije za međunarodnu filozofsku olimpijadu koja će se održati u Požarevačkoj gimnaziji u martu 2013. Ovogodišnja Filozofska olimpijada je u znaku jubileja 200 godina od rođenja Serena Kjerkegora i održaće se u Danskoj od 16 - 19 maja 2013.

Takmičenju Baltic Sea net prisustvovalo je 19 učenika iz 10 škola iz Srbije.

Rezltati takmičenja:

1. mesto i prosečnu ocenu 9.18 osvojio je učenik Bojan Veselinov, III4, gimnazija: „Dušan Vasiljev“, Kikinda, mentor, Božana Karanović

Pobednički rad:

1. mesto

A brief introduction

Machines are becoming an everyday part of our lives in the 21st century, they are even replacing humans in some activities, they are, sadly, essential to how our world nowadays works. We depend on them as much as they depend on us. The question however isn’t  the relationship and position in which us and machines are, it is what makes man man and machine machine. The nature of both. Where is the boundary, the line which separates us? My goal in this essay will be to analyze this, to discern the difference  and hopefully come to a conclusion where that line lies.

Arguments

What sets  man apart from  mere animal is his ability to think, to be self-conscious. We ponder, we ask ourselves, we contemplate our place and significance in this universe.

Turing considered an intelligent machine one which a human can mistake for another human being, that is, one that can seem human. But is this enough? Is seeming human the only necessity for what makes us that which we are? To answer such a question we’d have to delve into what constitutes a human being.

Emotion is a key component to human thought, a complete separation of the two is impossible, they are interwoven and affect each other greatly. It is from the feelings  of hopelessness and  anxiety ,when faced with the meaninglessness of suffering and existence, that we tried to formulate answers concerning reality and our role in it. To ease our burden and make life bearable. Something machines, due to lack of the aforementioned emotions, are incapable of. Perhaps somebody will object to the idea of thought and emotion not being mutually exclusive, allow me then to present a different argument.

Humans are also rational beings. We are capable of logical thought. Our main way of expressing ourselves is through language, it gives thought form. Language itself is often not logical, but it is possible to construct one, as made evident by Wittgenstein. But Wittgenstein himself said that what lies beyond the capabilities of language is important too. Metaphysical questions, death, being. To paraphrase him, “That which we cannot say, we should stay quiet about.” Those things cannot be expressed through such a language. And those things are essential components of our lives, they make us who we are. Are machines capable of this? Machines are  made logical, to be so they have to be programmed with certain axioms. But that is their limit. Ergo, they’re not capable of asking themselves about the nature of their existence, things which lie beyond logic and language. Another thing which sets us apart.

Axioms, on which machines are made, are human constructs, they themselves  do not exist outside and without us. They had to be made. Then implemented into machines. The human mind creates, explores, the machine is bound by the way it is programmed. Functioning outside the system they are based upon is impossible for them. To face something they’re not familiar ends with error. Helpless in front of the unknown, incapable of responding. But this means machines cannot innovate, be creative. As such they are simple tools and ‘slaves’. Man’s creativity and curiosity  is what pushed our civilization, what urges him (for better and worse) to progress even now. We did not evolve, overcome ourselves, by following rigid rules, it was through dreaming of the impossible, aiming for the stars and beyond, going against what was considered acceptable; that is, by rebelling. Thus all things worthy mentioning became through opposition, struggle. A tool cannot rebel, it may cease to perform its function, but to actively defy its purpose (as seen in  HAL 9000’s case), no.

What is thought considered? Machines can house countless more data and info than humans. Their memory exceeds ours tenfold and more. But merely stating facts isn’t knowledge, it isn’t thinking in the true sense of the word. Thought that is ascribed to machine is a response in a predictable way (manner), it is a simple reaction to a question, a situation that they’ve been made capable of responding to. No improvisation. They give the illusion of thought. To  humans it comes somewhat  involuntarily. It is not purely reactionary. It is independent and capable of standing on its own, without a  necessary cause for it.

Conclusion

Men as opposed to machines are capable of genuine, (in)genius and ‘revolutionary’ thinking. Theirs isn’t a petty imitation. While the form might seem the same, the importance lies from where it stems and how it comes into being, and how far do the capabilities of both extend. All things taken in consideration to state that a machine is truly capable of thinking would be an erroneous one. Asimov’s vision is still wishful thinking, and ought to stay so. For the concept of a sentient machine, and the implications that come with it, is something to be dreaded.

 

Poslednje ažurirano (ponedeljak, 22 avgust 2016 16:40)

 
Свети Јован Шангајски
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